Appendix 14 Creative Commons and Fair UseAppendix description or content:
Appendix 14: Copyright, Creative Commons, Fair Use
Understanding some forms of Copyright licenses:
When a person obtains a copyright, she retains the rights to the work. A license is created, however, that allows others to distribute or use the work.
The copyright owner determines who, when, and in what way others can use it. Often, it is a version of one of the following:
Paid: To distribute or obtain the work, the copyright owner must be paid a fee.
Royalty-free: In this case the copyright owner must be attributed for his work, but it is not required to pay them for the use.
Free for commercial use: Anyone can use this material, for any purpose.
Free for non commercial use: The copyrighted material cannot be used for any purposes that may create profit for any person.
Your class may have watched the copyright video from Lesson 5. That video explains how to copyright your idea, but there are other ways as well, such as Creative Commons.
What is Creative Commons ?
Creative Commons is similar to copyright, though it hopes to add more material to the public domain, rather than restrict it, as copyright tends to do. Click here to see a video about Creative Commons on the blog, that explains its purpose.
Understanding Fair Use *
Being able to reuse images for presentations, videos, or in creating new works is protected by a federal ruling known as Fair Use. The Federal Copyright office explains Fair Use as follows:
"Section 107 contains a list of the various purposes for which the reproduction of a particular work may be considered fair, such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Section 107 also sets out four factors to be considered in determining whether or not a particular use is fair:
The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes
The nature of the copyrighted work
The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work
The distinction between fair use and infringement may be unclear and not easily defined. There is no specific number of words, lines, or notes that may safely be taken without permission.
Click here to go to the blog to see a video about Fair Use.
* Taken from http://www.copyright.gov/fls/fl102.html, the Federal government's copyright website